Saturday, February 11, 2017

Magazine Review: Canadian Immigrant magazine: February 2017


            
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1 comment:

  1. In the article entitled "February is Black History Month" which is on page 6 of the February 2017 edition of the Canadian Immigrant" magazine there is this interesting quote: "There is a long history of Black Canadians in this country going back to early settlement and the Underground Railroad that brought U.S slaves to freedom in Canada." The reality is that slavery was a Canadian institution in Canada from at least 1628 when a six year old African child who was given the name Olivier Lejeune was sold in Quebec. Enslaved African woman Marie Joseph Angelique was hanged on June 21, 1734 in Montreal after she was accused of setting fire to her owner's house in a bid to escape her enslavement. Enslaved African woman Chloe Cooley resisted being sold across the Niagara River on March 14, 1793. Although her owner was successful in tying her up, throwing her into the bottom of a boat and selling her to someone in New York, her struggles caused John Graves Simcoe to pass "Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada, 1793." He could not abolish slavery because many of his friends and colleagues (William Jarvis, Peter Russell etc.,) were slave owners and fought to keep their slaves. Africans were enslaved throughout Canada. Slavery in Canada was abolished on August 1, 1834 just 31 years before slavery was abolished in the USA. Enslaved Africans from the USA began to flee in huge numbers to Canada on the Underground Railroad after the American government passed the "Fugitive Slave Act" in 1850 just 16 years after Canada abolished slavery!!

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